Identify The Type of Pleural Effusion with Lung Ultrasound: A Case Report and State-of-Art


  • Simone Ielo Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
  • Antonio Fratini
  • Edoardo Amante
  • Marcello Spinelli



Bedside-examination, Malignat Pleural Effusion, Point of care lung ultrasound, Swirling pattern


Pleural effusion is the most common pleural pathology and is seen in a large group
of patients admitted to internal medicine wards.
The purpose of this state of art literature review is to describe the various ultrasound findings that can be observed, to highlight the ability of lung ultrasound to facilitate differential diagnosis by pointing to a specific type of effusion and its cause.
To this end, the clinical case description aims to demonstrate the above and promote the use of bedside lung ultrasound by considering this technique as the fifth physical examination technique after inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation.


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How to Cite

Ielo, S., Fratini, A., Amante, E., & Spinelli, M. (2023). Identify The Type of Pleural Effusion with Lung Ultrasound: A Case Report and State-of-Art . Clinical and Research Journal in Internal Medicine, 4(2), 504–509.